Zinovij PANKIV

STRUCTURE AND GEOGRAPHY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL LAND USE IN THE CARPATHIAN REGION OF UKRAINE.

The paper defines environmental land use, the analysis of the structure and geographical patterns of its location in the region. The Carpathian region of Ukraine is the primary reproductive habitat land in Ukraine. Natural factors of land use and features of economic activity in the region led to the dominance of agricultural and forestry land use type. Lately actively were developed the environmental, recreational and wellness types of land use that helps to improve the environmental situation and creates a positive image of the region. The Carpathian region is characterized by a unique natural landscape, the proliferation of rare plant groups that situated the development for a long period of peculiar resource-conservation environmental land. The region accounted 1601 area objects (20.7% of the state population) of the Nature Reserve Fund, which occupy 659.4 thousand hectares (17.8% of the state index). Reserve index of the region is 11.6%, almost twice the nationwide rate. The largest share in the structure of the Natural Reserve Fund of the Carpathian region of Ukraine takes natural monuments (55.3%) tracts (18.2) and reserves (14.3), but almost 50% of the area of these territories occupies 14 national parks and 21% – 11 regional landscape parks. In the last period national parks are actively created in the region, which occupy the large areas. However, the economic part dominates in their structure and it includes the large areas without the removal procedure conducted among the users. The vast majority of the environmental land areas is located in the Carpathian mountain zone and is subjected to various departments, which prevents the formation of a coherent policy for their use.

Keywords: residential land use, the Carpathian region of Ukraine, stock of land, land strips, national parks.

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