IMPROVEMENT OF TOURISM INFRASTRUCTURE CONCEPTS
The terminology in the field of tourism there is a need of development. Today the analysis of problems of the development of domestic tourism testifies about absence of the unified system of concepts that are being used by tourism scientists, representatives of the legal state system, tour operators and firms, enterprises, tourists and others interested subjects. The article is devoted the key terms of tourism that are being used at the national, regional and local levels, the impact of tourism on the state economic and social development. The essence of tourism, visitor, tourism economy, tourism industry, visitor economy, visitor priorities, visitor destination, tourism destination, destination management is determined. The elements of tourism infrastructure are considered. Approaches to definition and classification of the concept «tourism infrastructure» are analyzed. The position of the tourism infrastructure in the tourism offer is specified. Criterions for determining the form of tourism are highlighted. There are the purpose and duration of the visit, the nature of the trip, the distance traveled, the type of destination and the actions taken there, the nature of the tourists. The impact of tourism development on economic growth, balance of payments, employment and the regulation of regional balances in individual states and regions is emphasized. The author’s classification of tourism economic and social advantages is proposed.
Key words: tourism, infrastructure, tourism industry, visitor, tourism advantages.
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