Sergiy POKLYATSKYI

THE ECOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF LIVING CONDITIONS IN BIG CITIES OF UKRAINE.

This article tells about one of the new areas of social geography, namely the study of “life categories”. As the subject field are considered living conditions, and given the current relevance of the study of growth poles of the country, are the subject of the big cities of Ukraine (over 100 thousand inhabitants). The environmental component was analyzes, as one of the key components of the living conditions of the population. Calculated index of favorable ecological situation (basis of the questionnaire and statistics). The objective side of ecological component represented by 10 statistical indicators: condition of air pollution (emissions from vehicles and stationary sources), state waste management (availability of I-III class waste), state of water resources (water consumption, capacity of sewage treatment plants and discharges of polluted water). The subjective aspect of ecological component includes the development of questionnaire and the mass survey of senior students (375 questionnaire) of geography faculties of higher educational institutions from different regions of Ukraine. Established that the level of favorable ecological conditions in big cities grows from the East to the Centre and from the Center to the West and South Ukraine. The results of such research rating studies should be valuable not only for readers but also for officials, politicians, investors and businessmen who seek to obtain independent evaluations.

Key words: living conditions, big city, ecological situation.

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