Mykhaylo KACHAYLO, Miroslava VLAKH.

FACTORS AND APPROACHES OF THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OF THE REGION IN MODERN CONDITIONS (USING AN EXAMPLE OF THE TRANSCARPATHIAN REGION)

The article clarifies the essence of the resettlement transformation; the factors that determine the transformational processes of the settlement system of the Transcarpathian region are analyzed. These factors are geographic location, natural geographic, ecological, demographic, ethnic, socio-geographical, administrative and management. The main directions of transformation at the regional level were identified: change of the human potential of the settlement; shifts in the structure of resettlement; functional re-profiling of settlements; rebalancing of intra-system industrial-economic, infrastructure and social linkages; decrease in the level and quality of life of the population; change of the settlements’ status; formation of new administrative units – united territorial communities. The ways of optimization of the settlement system of the Transcarpathian region are determined. We may highlight the followings: to improve the system of rural settlement (financial support, preservation and development of small rural settlements, improvement of living standards of rural population, infrastructure improvement, change of the status of large villages with industrial activity in the category of urban-type settlements). It is also essential to improve the system of urban settlement (the change of the status of some urban-type settlements into the category of cities, strengthening the economic base of small towns and urban-type settlements, the managed development of the largest towns – Uzhhorod, Mukachevo, Khust) and to carry out organizational and managerial transformation (administrative-territorial reform) with the formation of united territorial communities. It is pointed out that taking into account the influence of the directions of settlement system transformation of the Transcarpathian region is necessary for determining the main problems and prospects of the settlements’ development. Moreover, it is essential for optimizing the state regulatory policy concerning the resettlement. The new administrative-territorial reform in Ukraine is becoming an important factor in the transformation of regional resettlement systems.

Key words: settlement system, resettlement, settlement system transformation, transformation factors, directions of transformation.

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