The article deals with the basic concepts regarding the study of migration as a factor of influence on the foreign policy of Poland. It is considered the most effective methods of investigation of the relationship between migration and foreign policy. Our study revealed that there are many types of migration, which is not mutually exclusive. All provinces of modern Poland have a negative net international migration is most characteristic of the province of Silesia. Most people who go abroad – residents of the province (in 2014 as a result of international migration, the province lost 4.4 thousand inhabitants – Poland has left more than 7,000 people in this province and returned – 1.7 thousand people). Among the negative balance of foreign migration has allocated 2 provinces: Opole and Lower Silesia (-2.4 thousand people), and the smallest loss of population in 2014 has undergone Mazovia (-0.1 thousand people). The main countries of emigration are final, Germany and the United Kingdom. Among immigrants dominated by Poles, who permanently live in another country, and decided to return home. Much more different scale emigration for temporary stay abroad. According to a recent estimate, in late 2014, the number of people who went abroad was about 2190000 man, that is, almost 66 thousand people more than in the previous year . The main directions of the Polish emigration for temporary stay, remain the UK, Germany, USA, Ireland, the Netherlands and Italy.

Key words: migration, emigration, immigration, repatriation, silesia.


  1. Golovne upravlinnya staty`sty`ky` Pol`shhi [Elektronny`j resurs]. – Rezhy`m dostupu: http://stat.gov.pl/
  2. Rovenchak O.A. Mizhnarodna migraciya: teoriya ta prakty`ka: monografiya/ A.Rovenchak, V.V. Volod`ko. – L`viv: L`vivs`ky`j nacional`ny`j universy`tet imeni Ivana Franka, 2015. – 412s.
  3. Chexovy`ch S. B. Elementarny`j kurs migracijnogo prava Ukrayiny`: Konspekt lekcij: Navch. posib. dlya stud. vy`shh. navch. zakl.– K. : MAUP, 2004. – 216 s.
  4. Leszczycki S. Perspektywy rozwoju badań geograficznych w Posce. “Przegl. geogr.”, 1964, 36, № 3, 411 – 426; RZhGeogr. 1965, 5Zh6.
Full text: